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The Laogai system began with Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party. It now has 16-20 million workers and is one of the world's biggest, yet most secretive camp organizations. "There are six main components: Reform, Prisons, Reeducation through labor facilities, Detention Centers, Juvenile Offender Facilities, and Forced Job Placement Personnel." Dictators in China use this system to surpress the workers and as a profit for the Chinese government. The CCP also uses the Laogai to "control population and maintain power" and to "punish criminals without investigation."

There was a time where up to 90 percent of prisoners were forced to work after there sentencing was up due to the Jiuye policy, but ended in 1979. This policy began again in 1981 and 1983. There are approximately 1,000 camps recorded, but no one knows how many people are suffering through it or how many have died. "Dictators in Beijing continue to depend upon its Laogai system as a tool for suppression." They have estimated in the millions since the Laogai began. The Chinese government has broken many agreements they have made including the "United Nations Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the Convention against Torture and other Cruel Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment." Most of these agreements have to do with human rights, abuse, and working conditions, and the CCP has completely ignored them. The government tries to keep the Laogai system secretive and it remains one of the world's most secretive camps. Though Mao Zedong started the Chinese Communist Party more than 70 years ago, the Laogai camps are unfortunately still running.